Assam serves as the gateway to the other states of the Northeast and also shares an international boundary with Bangladesh and Bhutan. Till 1826, Assam was the stronghold of a fiercely independent Ahom kingdom which, with all its might, thwarted multiple invasion attempts by the Mughals, that otherwise affected most other parts of India. Numerous tribes and communities have prospered and inhabited the plains and hills of Assam since the medieval times, so much so that the state today represents a diverse and unique cohabitation of around 115 different ethnic communities, supplemented by dozens of unique and endangered languages.
Unfortunately, many of the indigenous communities of Assam today number fewer than 10,000 people! They are now at the grip of a looming threat of socio-cultural extinction chiefly propelled by immigration from Bangladesh. A senior advocate of the Supreme Court of India, Upamanyu Hazarika, had earlier informed that there exist a few villages in Darrang district of Assam where immigrants not only outnumber the natives but the latter have been pushed into ghetto-like dwellings in their own ancestral abode. The ramifications of this unabated immigration of people have now come to severely bear upon the vital statistics of the state in terms of basic self-sufficient sustenance.